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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2018| January-April  | Volume 6 | Issue 1  
    Online since December 14, 2017

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
ERIC-PCR genotyping of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from different clinical specimens
Reem Aljindan, Khaldoon Alsamman, Nasreldin Elhadi
January-April 2018, 6(1):13-17
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_138_16  PMID:30787810
Background: Acinetobacter baumannii is a major cause of hospital care-acquired infections, and this bacterium poses a significant challenge to health care worldwide. At King Fahd Hospital of the University (KFHU), Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia, there had been a significant increase in the number of cases of A. baumannii infections. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the clonal relationship between A. baumannii collected from different specimens of patients admitted to KFHU using the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus–polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) fingerprinting method. Materials and Methods: A. baumannii strains were isolated from a total of 59 specimens from inpatients admitted to KFHU between January and September 2014. These specimens were mainly collected from wound, rectal and throat swabs and transtracheal aspiration. ERIC-PCR fingerprinting was used to determine the clonal relationship between the different isolated strains. Results: Using ERIC-PCR fingerprinting genotype analysis, 51 strains of A. baumannii were clustered into seven groups, while the remaining 8 were single strains. The genetic relatedness of A. baumannii isolated from admitted patients was high, indicating cross-transmission within the hospitalized patients. Conclusion: This study found that the increase in the incidence of A. baumannii in patients at KFHU was likely due to the spread of seven epidemic clones, thereby highlighting the need for intensifying the infection control measures to prevent nosocomial transmission of A. baumannii. These results also demonstrate that ERIC-PCR is a reliable and rapid method for studying the clonal similarity between A. baumannii isolated from different clinical specimens.
  5 3,180 527
Group B Streptococcus colonization among Saudi women during labor
Jehan Musleh, Nourah Al Qahtani
January-April 2018, 6(1):18-22
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_175_16  PMID:30787811
Background: The presence of group B streptococcus in the genital area during pregnancy and labor is associated with high neonatal morbidity and mortality. However, the exact prevalence of group B streptococcus among Saudi women has not yet been established. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of group B streptococcal colonization in Saudi pregnant women as a primary end-point and neonatal complications as a secondary end-point. Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of group B streptococcal colonization among Saudi women admitted in labor to the King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia. A total of 1371 maternal specimens (vaginal swabs, rectal swabs and midstream urine) were collected from 457 patients between October 2011 and September 2016. Neonatal specimens (urine, blood and cerebrospinal fluid) were collected if clinically indicated. Results: Of the 457 women enrolled in this study, 87 (19%) had positive cultures for group B streptococcus either in the vaginal or rectal swab or both. Group B streptococcus was also found to be the most commonly isolated organism. In total, there were five cases of neonatal sepsis, of which one early-onset neonatal sepsis was caused by group B streptococcus. Conclusions: This study found that the prevalence of group B streptococcal colonization is 19% among Saudi women admitted in labor to the King Fahd Hospital of the University.
  3 2,698 334
Depression among sickle cell anemia patients in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia
Mohsen Ali Alhomoud, Ibrahim M Gosadi, Hayfaa A Wahbi
January-April 2018, 6(1):8-12
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_123_16  PMID:30787809
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, depression among sickle cell anemia adult patients in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2014 and May 2015 among sickle cell anemia patients aged 16–70 years from the outpatient hematology clinics at Qatif Central Hospital. A total of 110 successive participants consented and answered an anonymous, self-administered, questionnaire and the Arabic version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Individuals were considered depressed if they scored ≥14 in Beck Depression Inventory-II. Simple logistic regression was used to compare differences between the depressed and nondepressed groups. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were reported. Results: Depression was detected in 53 participants (48.2%). Bivariate analysis showed that lower educational qualification (OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.1–5.3; P = 0.021), higher frequency of vaso-occlusive crises (OR = 3.4; 95% CI = 1.3–8.7; P = 0.008) and frequent visits to the hematology clinic (OR = 5.3; 95% CI = 1.4–19.9; P = 0.008) were significantly associated with depression. Conclusion: This study revealed that there is high prevalence of depression among sickle cell anemia patients in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
  2 3,430 419
CASE REPORTS
Epidermolytic ichthyosis without keratin 1 or 10 mutations: A case report
Ali A Al Raddadi, Taha H Habibullah, Ahmed M Abdelaal, Angie M Felimban, Hosam A Al Raddadi, Mohamed B Satti
January-April 2018, 6(1):36-39
DOI:10.4103/1658-631X.220800  PMID:30787815
In this paper, the authors report a case of an 11-year-old boy with epidermolytic ichthyosis who presented with multiple scattered erosions and typical hyperkeratotic plaques over the face, upper and lower extremities, the trunk, palms and soles. Family history revealed an affected older male sibling and an affected first-degree female relative. In addition, there was a positive history of generations of consanguinity in the patient's family pedigree, increasing the probability of an autosomal recessive inheritance. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology; however, mutations in the keratin 1 and 10 genes were absent. This case report addresses the importance of establishing correct diagnosis and mode of inheritance, with literature review of genetic mutations, possible differential diagnosis and the most common and successful treatment modalities for epidermolytic ichthyosis.
  1 2,188 222
Adhesive small bowel obstruction due to pelvic inflammatory disease: A case report
Razan A Al-Ghassab, Shumaila Tanveer, Noor H Al-Lababidi, Hazem M Zakaria, Abdulmohsen A Al-Mulhim
January-April 2018, 6(1):40-42
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_10_17  PMID:30787816
We report a rare case of a 32-year-old woman with adhesive small bowel obstruction due to pelvic inflammatory disease. She had no history of abdominal surgery, gynecological complaints or constitutional symptoms of chronic illness. The diagnosis was based on the laparoscopic findings of small bowel adhesions, free peritoneal fluid, “violin string” adhesions of Fitz-Hugh–Curtis syndrome and left hydrosalpinx. Laparoscopic adhesiolysis was performed successfully, and the patient had an uneventful postoperative course. The authors conclude that pelvic inflammatory disease should be included as a cause of adhesive small bowel obstruction in sexually active young women with no history of abdominal surgery or constitutional symptoms of chronic disease. When performed by experienced surgeons, laparoscopy in such patients is feasible and safe.
  1 3,351 325
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
HEARTS package for the management of cardiovascular diseases
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
January-April 2018, 6(1):45-46
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_128_17  PMID:30787818
  1 1,402 180
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Acetabular remodeling after closed reduction of developmental dysplasia of the hip
Hayazi M Al Shehri, Asim A Mahmoud, Saleh A Ateeq, Amal H Alamrani
January-April 2018, 6(1):23-26
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_139_16  PMID:30787812
Objectives: This study aims to assess the radiographic development of the acetabulum after closed reduction of developmental dysplasia of the hip in patients with different follow-up periods. Methods: The authors undertook a retrospective review of clinical records and radiographs of children who were diagnosed with developmental dysplasia of the hip and underwent closed reduction (mean age at closed reduction: 8.6 months) at King Khalid Civil Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Patients with a follow-up period <12 months were excluded from the study. Acetabular index angles for anteroposterior pelvic radiograph before treatment and at the final follow-up were used to assess acetabular development. Patients were divided into four groups according to the follow-up period and then the acetabular index was compared. Results: A total of 64 dislocated hips of 40 patients were included in the study. The average follow-up period was 33.9 months (range: 12–82 months). Mean acetabular index before closed reduction was 34.37° (range: 25–46°), whereas the mean acetabular index after closed reduction was 23.8° (range: 10–37°). All groups showed improvement in the acetabular coverage and the acetabular index was significantly higher in groups with a longer follow-up period. Conclusions: This study found that successful closed reduction of congenitally dislocated hips within the recommended age results in better acetabular development (coverage) and this improvement is more evident in patients with a longer follow-up period. Further studies can consolidate these results and help define the criteria for deciding early acetabuloplasty.
  1 2,238 265
Effect of erbium laser on microtensile bond strength of fissure sealant in primary teeth: An in vitro study
Jehan AlHumaid, Adel Sulaiman Alagl, Sumit Bedi
January-April 2018, 6(1):27-31
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_102_17  PMID:30787813
Background: Laser etching has several advantages as compared with conventional acid etching. However, results of earlier studies on conditioning surfaces with erbium, chromium:yttrium–scandium–gallium–garnet (Er, Cr:YSGG) before application of the fissure sealant have been inconclusive. Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the microtensile strength of resin-based fissure sealant bonded to primary enamel conditioned by Er, Cr:YSGG laser with varying power outputs. Materials and Methods: Fifty sound primary first molars were randomized into the following five groups based on pretreatment choice: Group 1: 3.5 W laser etching + acid etching; Group 2: 2.5 W laser etching + acid etching; Group 3: 3.5 W laser etching with no acid; Group 4: 2.5 W laser etching with no acid and Group 5: acid etching with no laser. Acid etch was performed with 35% orthophosphoric acid for 30 s. Laser etching was performed with Er, Cr:YSGG (2780 nm) laser using G6 tips and 600 μm diameter, 2.5 W or 3.5 W power outputs, pulse duration of 140 μs and a repetition rate of 20 Hz. Sealant was applied on the buccal surface followed by an incremental buildup with composite resin. Microtensile bond strength was assessed and compared among the five groups using one- and two-way ANOVA. Results: There was no statistical difference in the mean bond strength between groups except in Group 4 (9.66 MPa) (Group 1: 15.57 MPa; Group 2: 14.18 MPa; Group 3: 14.78 MPa; Group 5: 14.63 MPa). Conclusion: Pretreatment with 3.5 W Er, Cr:YSGG laser alone results in microtensile bond strengths similar to that produced by acid etching, indicating that enamel etching using 3.5 W Er, Cr:YSGG laser would result in the long-term success of pit and fissure sealants in primary teeth.
  1 2,128 269
CASE REPORTS
Pleomorphic adenoma of the upper lip: A case report
Abdulrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Abdulwarith Akinshipo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle
January-April 2018, 6(1):32-35
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_109_16  PMID:30787814
Pleomorphic adenoma is the most frequently encountered benign mixed tumor of the minor salivary gland and usually presents in the parotid; however, in the minor salivary gland, it is more common in the palate. Tumors of the minor salivary glands are uncommon, with the most common intraoral site reported being the hard and soft palate owing to the preponderance of minor salivary glands in this region followed by the lips. Pleomorphic adenoma arising from minor salivary glands of the lips tends to occur at an earlier age than it does at other sites. Pleomorphic adenoma of the lip is a rare neoplasm, and thus its diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and a long-term follow-up. Here, the authors present a case of pleomorphic adenoma of the upper lip.
  - 2,504 344
EDITORIAL
Implant overdentures: Their benefits for patients
Charles J Goodacre
January-April 2018, 6(1):1-1
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_136_17  PMID:30787807
  - 2,061 345
ERRATUM
Erratum: Frequency of root canal treatment among patients attending a teaching dental hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia

January-April 2018, 6(1):53-53
DOI:10.4103/1658-631X.220801  PMID:30787821
  - 1,076 125
IMAGE QUIZ
Rare findings in a patient after fall on his right shoulder
Abid Hussain Gullenpet
January-April 2018, 6(1):48-52
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_162_17  PMID:30787820
  - 1,239 163
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Patient's bill of rights: Is it a challenge for quality health care in Saudi Arabia?
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
January-April 2018, 6(1):47-47
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_126_17  PMID:30787819
  - 1,227 195
Prevention of dengue virus infection
Idris-Abdullahi Nasir, Mustapha Bakare, Omoare A Ayodeji, Abdurrahman Ahmad, Ibrahim M Hamidu
January-April 2018, 6(1):43-44
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_7_17  PMID:30787817
  - 1,649 200
REVIEW ARTICLE
Mandibular implant-supported overdentures: Prosthetic overview
Fahad A Al-Harbi
January-April 2018, 6(1):2-7
DOI:10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_101_17  PMID:30787808
Implant-supported overdentures are becoming the treatment of choice for the completely edentulous mandible. They significantly improve the quality of life in edentulous patients. For this review article, the literature was searched to identify pertinent studies. No meta-analysis was conducted because of high heterogeneity within the literature. Accordingly, in this review article, the author provides an update on implant-supported mandible overdentures with regard to the number of implants, type of loading, stress–strain distribution, mode of implant-to-denture attachment, occlusal considerations and complications.
  - 5,772 996
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