Saudi Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82--88

Prevalence of psychological distress among undergraduate students at Jazan University: A cross-sectional study


Ramzi Mohammed Hakami 
 Medical Student, College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ramzi Mohammed Hakami
College of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan 45142
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Background: Undergraduate learning is a sensitive and challenging period for students and has been reported to result in high rates of psychological distress in them. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of psychological distress among undergraduate students at Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a stratified sample of 500 undergraduate students from five faculties at Jazan University. All participants completed an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire, which included questions about their sociodemographic details and a measuring scale of general psychological distress, the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18). Results: A total of 450 students satisfactorily completed the questionnaire. Of these, 139 (30.9%) were screened positive for psychological distress based on the BSI-18 scale. Females scored significantly higher than males on the somatization (P = 0.002) and anxiety subscales (P = 0.006) as well as on the total symptom scale (the General Severity Index; P = 0.005). However, there was no significant difference between males and females regarding the depression subscale (P = 0.149). Twenty-eight students (6.2%) reported moderate to extreme levels of distress due to suicidal thoughts in the past 1 week before inclusion in this study. Conclusions: This study found that ~31% of undergraduate students at Jazan University are psychologically distressed. This finding necessitates the need for rigorous efforts to develop proper screening and intervention programs targeting this population.


How to cite this article:
Hakami RM. Prevalence of psychological distress among undergraduate students at Jazan University: A cross-sectional study.Saudi J Med Med Sci 2018;6:82-88


How to cite this URL:
Hakami RM. Prevalence of psychological distress among undergraduate students at Jazan University: A cross-sectional study. Saudi J Med Med Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Apr 22 ];6:82-88
Available from: https://www.sjmms.net/article.asp?issn=1658-631X;year=2018;volume=6;issue=2;spage=82;epage=88;aulast=Hakami;type=0