Saudi Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 98--102

Factors associated with diabetic septic foot among patients attending the diabetic septic foot unit in the military hospital, Khartoum State, Sudan


Siham A Balla, Haidr A Ahmed, Suzan F Alhassan 
 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Siham A Balla
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum
Sudan

Context: Diabetic septic foot (DSF) is a serious outcome complication of diabetes mellitus. Patients having DSF are at a high risk of amputations and surgical hazards. Aim: The aim of this study was to identify the self-care of foot and factors associated with DSF among diabetic patients attending the DSF unit in the Military Hospital. Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted among diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinic in the Military Hospital during May-June 2012. Thirty DSF cases and 30 controls were interviewed using a structured questionnaire and DSF was observed and graded by Wagner«SQ»s classification. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics of the cases was presented and Fisher«SQ»s exact test was used to test the risk factors associated with DSF. Results: The mean age for the study groups was 55.60 ΁ 11.9 years. Based on the Wagner classification, 83.3% of septic feet were classified as grades 3, 4 and 5. Considering the delay in presentation with DSF to the hospital, 86.7% presented after 1 week up to more than 2 months from the start of the lesion. Low socioeconomic status, lack of self-care of foot, peripheral neuropathy and foot ischemia and deformity were associated with developing DSF (P-value < 0.05). Conclusion: Most patients with DSF seek care late and present with advance grade lesions. Lack of self-care of foot, peripheral neuropathy and foot ischemia and deformity are the risk factors of DSF.


How to cite this article:
Balla SA, Ahmed HA, Alhassan SF. Factors associated with diabetic septic foot among patients attending the diabetic septic foot unit in the military hospital, Khartoum State, Sudan.Saudi J Med Med Sci 2013;1:98-102


How to cite this URL:
Balla SA, Ahmed HA, Alhassan SF. Factors associated with diabetic septic foot among patients attending the diabetic septic foot unit in the military hospital, Khartoum State, Sudan. Saudi J Med Med Sci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Oct 26 ];1:98-102
Available from: https://www.sjmms.net/article.asp?issn=1658-631X;year=2013;volume=1;issue=2;spage=98;epage=102;aulast=Balla;type=0