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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 248-253

Knowledge and practice of pediatric providers regarding neonatal cholestasis in the western region of Saudi Arabia


Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, National Guard Hospital, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed Hasosah
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, National Guard Hospital, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, PO Box: 8202, Jeddah 21482
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_462_20

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Background: Early detection of neonatal cholestasis (NC) is important for better clinical outcomes but can be challenging. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and practice styles of pediatric providers (PPs) regarding NC in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire study was conducted between November 2019 and February 2020 in three major cities of the western region of Saudi Arabia (namely, Taif, Makkah and Jeddah). PPs included pediatric residents, pediatric specialists, pediatric consultants and family physicians. The questionnaire included 15 items in five subscales (definition, causes, diagnosis and management of NC and knowledge of guidelines). Results: A total of 488 participants completed the questionnaire. Only 30.2% were aware of the correct definition of NC (P < 0.001). Two-thirds of the respondents did not consider a history of pale stool being important for evaluating NC. The importance of biliary atresia as a serious cause of NC was found to be significantly different between pediatric consultants and other pediatricians (P < 0.001). In cases of prolonged NC, 32.4% of the PPs refer to pediatric gastroenterologist. Only 18.9% of the respondents were aware of liver biopsy being the gold standard investigation of NC. The majority of the respondents (41.8%) used ursodeoxycholic acid as a supportive therapy of NC. Conclusions: This study found a significant deficit in the knowledge and practice styles of PPs in the western region of Saudi Arabia. These findings highlight the need for policymakers to develop educational materials for PPs to increase their knowledge of NC.


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