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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 67-70

Left Ventricular Thrombus and Cardioembolic Stroke in a Patient with Ulcerative Colitis: A Case Report


1 Department of Clinical and Preventive Cardiology, Pathology and Blood Bank, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Department of Neurology, Pathology and Blood Bank, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
3 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Pathology and Blood Bank, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
4 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Pathology and Blood Bank, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manish Bansal
Clinical and Preventive Cardiology, Medanta-The Medicity, Sector 38, Gurgaon - 122 001, Haryana
India
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_525_19

PMID: 33519347

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Left ventricular (LV) thrombi usually occur in the setting of global or regional LV systolic dysfunction and are extremely rare in the absence of LV wall motion abnormalities. We report here a case of a 23-year-old female who presented with cardioembolic stroke due to ulcerative colitis. To determine the cause of stroke, several investigations and evaluations were carried out, but the results were mostly normal or unremarkable. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an oscillating pedunculated globular mass, which was eventually resected due to recurrent transient ischemic attacks. The histopathology of the excised mass revealed it to be an organized thrombus with acute and chronic inflammatory cells and fibroblasts. The uncommon etiology combined with the unusual appearance of the thrombus presented a major diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for this exceedingly rare cause for intracardiac thrombus formation. Therefore, it would be useful to have a low threshold for screening patients with active inflammatory bowel disease for possible ventricular thrombosis before discharge, especially if other risk factors are present.


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