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BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 59-62

Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in Italian Patients: Gender Differences in Presentation and Severity


1 Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy
2 Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital; Faculty of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy
3 Department of Health Directorate, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy
4 Department of Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy
5 Faculty of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University; Division of Experimental Oncology/Unit of Urology, URI, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy
6 Faculty of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University; Unit of Immunology, Rheumatology, Allergy and Rare Diseases, Milan, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Martina Baiardo Redaelli
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milan
Italy
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_542_20

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Background: In the first wave of the novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) infections, Italy experienced a heavy burden of hospital admissions for acute respiratory distress syndromes associated with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Early evidence suggested that females are less affected than males. Objective: This study aimed to assess the gender-related differences in presentation and severity among COVID-19 patients admitted to IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy. Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study included all patients admitted to the hospital between February 25 and April 19, 2020, with a positive real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for COVID-19. The following data were collected: date of admission, gender, age and details of intensive care unit admission and outcomes. Results: A total of 901 patients with COVID-19 were admitted to the hospital and provided consent for the study. Of these, 284 were female (31.5%). The percentage of admitted female patients significantly increased over time (25.9% of all admissions in the first half of the study period vs. 37.1% in the second half; P < 0.001). Females accounted for 14.4% of all COVID-19 intensive care unit admissions. There was no gender-based difference in the overall hospital mortality: 20.1% for females and 19.2% for males (P = 0.8). Conclusions: In our hospital, which was in the epicenter of the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, female patients were few, presented late and were less critical than male patients.


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