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NARRATIVE REVIEW
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-15

Understanding Obesity: The Role of Adipose Tissue Microenvironment and the Gut Microbiome


1 Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
2 Department of Endocrinology, St. Columcille's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
3 Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Education and Research Centre, Obesity Immunology Group, University College Dublin, St. Vincent's University Hospital and St. Columcille's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nusrat M Awan
Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin
Ireland
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_561_20

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The prevalence of obesity has more than doubled globally over the past few decades, with a 12-fold rise in extreme levels. Obesity, with its multiple complications, remains a major ongoing challenge for health-care professionals, as highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic, where people with obesity had poorer outcomes. In this article, we review advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology underlying obesity, with a focus on the immune system and its interaction with both the adipose tissue organ and the gut microbiome. As our understanding of the causes and effects of obesity improves, opportunities should emerge, underpinned by rigorous laboratory and clinical research, to both better prevent and treat this global epidemic.


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