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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 192

Musculoskeletal disorders due to poor ergonomic practice in dentistry

Department of Dentistry, Government Taluk Head Quarters Hospital, Malappuram, Kerala, India

Date of Web Publication20-Apr-2017

Correspondence Address:
Thorakkal Shamim
Department of Dentistry, Government Taluk Head Quarters Hospital, Malappuram - 676 519, Kerala
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.204863

PMID: 30787786

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How to cite this article:
Shamim T. Musculoskeletal disorders due to poor ergonomic practice in dentistry. Saudi J Med Med Sci 2017;5:192

How to cite this URL:
Shamim T. Musculoskeletal disorders due to poor ergonomic practice in dentistry. Saudi J Med Med Sci [serial online] 2017 [cited 2022 Jan 20];5:192. Available from: https://www.sjmms.net/text.asp?2017/5/2/192/204863


Dental professionals are more prone to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) due to poor ergonomic practice.[1] Among dental specialties, it has been found that prosthodontists, followed by oral surgeons, endodontists and periodontists, have a higher prevalence of MSD.[2] Previously, the prevalence of MSDs for different parts of the body has been documented as 75.9% for neck, 58.6% for shoulders, 56.9% for upper back, 48.3% for lower back and 44.8% for wrist.[3] Despite dental professionals being aware of the correct ergonomic posture, they are unable to practice the same because of the physical workload.[4] Complementary and alternative medicine superadded with rest, and exercises could be considered for the management of MSD.[5]

In addition to dental professionals, oral pathologists have also been found to suffer from various MSDs such as chronic pain syndrome, including shoulder, neck and back aches, and fatigue due to prolonged use of the conventional microscope.[6] Therefore, to prevent MSD due to poor ergonomic practice, oral pathologists should follow laboratory safety precautions advised by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.[6]

It should be noted that dental professionals working in government and private sectors receive no training in healthy ergonomic practices, and the practicing dental professionals should be given effective training on healthy ergonomics to deliver quality treatment and to improve productivity.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Ellapen TJ, Narsigan S, van Herdeen HJ, Pillay K, Rugbeer N. Impact of poor dental ergonomical practice. SADJ 2011;66:272, 274-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
Gopinadh A, Devi KN, Chiramana S, Manne P, Sampath A, Babu MS. Ergonomics and musculoskeletal disorder: As an occupational hazard in dentistry. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14:299-303.  Back to cited text no. 2
Rafeemanesh E, Jafari Z, Kashani FO, Rahimpour F. A study on job postures and musculoskeletal illnesses in dentists. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2013;26:615-20.  Back to cited text no. 3
Memarpour M, Badakhsh S, Khosroshahi SS, Vossoughi M. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among Iranian dentists. Work 2013;45:465-74.  Back to cited text no. 4
Gupta D, Bhaskar DJ, Gupta KR, Karim B, Kanwar A, Jain A, et al. Use of complementary and alternative medicine for work related musculoskeletal disorders associated with job contentment in dental professionals: Indian outlook. Ethiop J Health Sci 2014;24:117-24.  Back to cited text no. 5
Gupta AA, Mhaske SA, Ahmad MA, Yuwanati MB, Prabhu S, Pardhe N. Ergonomic Microscope: Need of the Hour. J Clin Diagn Res 2015;9:ZC62-5.  Back to cited text no. 6


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