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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-78

Melioidosis: Spectrum of radiological manifestations


1 Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam-King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester 200, MN 55905, USA

Correspondence Address:
Hind S Alsaif
Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, P. O. Box 77417, Alkhobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.178286

PMID: 30787702

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Melioidosis, a bacterial infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei is expanding in its endemicity around the world. Melioidosis most commonly infects adults with an underlying predisposing condition, mainly diabetes mellitus. Primary skin and soft tissue involvement is more common in younger patients. Almost every organ can be affected, but the most commonly affected organ is the lung followed by the spleen. Melioidosis has a wide range of radiological manifestations making it a mimicker. Diagnosis requires a high index of clinical suspicion in patients with septicemia or a fever of unknown origin living in or with a travel history to endemic areas. We present a pictorial review of the radiological manifestations of melioidosis, which is a useful knowledge for radiologists to help arrive at an early diagnosis. In this pictorial review, we present the radiological manifestations chosen from 139 patients with culture proven melioidosis. Illustrated examples are chosen from our clinical experience of the past 15 years at the National University Hospital in Singapore.


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