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EDITORIAL
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus


Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Date of Web Publication2-Dec-2015

Correspondence Address:
Abdulaziz Al-Quorain
P.O. Box 40001, Al Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.170879

PMID: 30787686

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How to cite this article:
Al-Quorain A. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. Saudi J Med Med Sci 2016;4:1

How to cite this URL:
Al-Quorain A. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. Saudi J Med Med Sci [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Apr 19];4:1. Available from: https://www.sjmms.net/text.asp?2016/4/1/1/170879

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium occupying the skin and nasal lining of 25-30% of healthy individuals. It can cause several difficult-to treat infections in humans. [1]

MRSA is a strain which acquired resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics and Cephalosporins. MRSA was first described in 1961 and had spread later throughout the world. Its prevalence had increased in hospitals, prisons, nursing homes and community settings. The term Healthcare-Associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) and Community-Associated MRSA (CA-MRSA) is reflecting this condition. [2]

The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in hospital-acquired S. aureaus infections (HA-MRSA) has been progressively increased since its first description worldwide. [3],[4],[5] CA-MRSA, reported in 1980 among injection drug-users, became the most frequent cause of skin and soft tissue infection worldwide. [6],[7]

MRSA has been described and reported from Saudi Arabia since 1990. [8],[9] In this issue, Dr. Sulaiman Al-Yousef reviews Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Saudi Arabia and its genotype distribution.

 
  References Top

1.
Barber M. Methicillin-resistant staphylococci J Clin Pathol 1961; 14:385.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Klevens RM, Morrison MA, Nadle J, et al. Invasive methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureaus infections in the United States. JAMA 2007; 298; 1763.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Wisplinghoff H, Bischoff T, Tallent SM, et al. Nosocomial bloodstream infections in US hospitals: Analysis of 24,179 cases from a prospective nationwide surveillance study. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 39:309.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Styers D, Sheehan JM, Hogan P, Sahm DF. Laboratory-based surveillance of current microbial resistance patterns and trends among Staphylococcus aureus: 2005 status in the United States. Ann Clin Micobiol Antimicrob 2006; 5:2.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Sader HS, Streit JM, Fritche TR, Jones RN. Antimicrobial susceptibility of gram-positive bacteria isolated from European medical centres: Results of the Daptomycin Surveillance Programme (2002-2004). Clin Microbiol Infect 2006; 12:844.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Moran GJ, Krishnadasan A, Gorwitz RJ, et al. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections among patients in the emergency department. N. Engl J Med 2006; 355:666.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Hersh AL, Chambers HF, Maselli JH, Gonzales R. National trends in ambulatory visits and antibiotic prescribing for skin and soft-tissue infections. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168:1585.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
El Amin NM, Faidah HS. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Ann Saudi Med; 2012; 32:513-6.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Iyer PA, Baghalib I, Albaik M, Kumosani T. Nosocomial infections in Saudi Arabia caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Clinical Microbioloy 2014; 3:3.  Back to cited text no. 9
    




 

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