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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-42

Effect of time on electronic working length determination with a novel endodontic module in preclinical endodontic training

Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Emad O AlShwaimi
Assistant Professor and Consultant in Endodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, P.O.Box 7440, Dammam 32222
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.128451

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Aim: To evaluate electrical conductivity of the medium provided with ModuPRO endodontic modules, and compare it with those of alginate and vinyl polysiloxane impression materials over varying time intervals. Materials and Methods: A 24 Real Endo-t teeth were mounted in the ModuPRO Endo™ modules using three different mounting media [Groups A (Apex Putty), B (alginate), C (extra-light body vinyl polysiloxane)]. The working lengths were predetermined by microscopy, and the root canals were prepared with ProFile rotary instruments before mounting. Working lengths were checked with an electronic apex locator at 24 and 48 hours; 1, 4, and 6 weeks; and 6 months. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), the Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison tests, and the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Sum test, with significance set at P < 0.05. Results: Group C showed higher measurements and significant differences from groups A and B for up to 6 weeks (P < 0.05). There was no difference between groups A and B (P > 0.05). After 6 months, all groups showed significantly higher working lengths from those predetermined, but no statistically significant differences were observed among them (P > 0.05). For all groups, differences from predetermined working lengths were lowest at the 1-week interval. Conclusions: Both alginate and the Apex Putty can be used for determining the working lengths using an apex locator over a longer time period. Our study has shown that ModuPRO Endo™ modules, along with the Apex Putty, are effective tools for teaching working length determination with apex locators in preclinical endodontic training.

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