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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Hormonal, metabolic and clinical profile of Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mutah University Medical School, Al-Karak, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Abdulaziz A Al-Mulhim
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-631X.112920

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Objective: To establish the hormonal, metabolic and clinical profile for Saudi women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: This is a prospective, cross-sectional study conducted at the University Hospital. All women were seen at the gynecology clinic. One hundred women aged between 18 and 45 years were included in the study; 50 women with polycystic ovary disease (PCOS) comprised the study group and 50 women without PCOS comprised the control group. The hormonal, metabolic and clinical profiles were assessed for both groups. Results: There are significantly higher levels of luteinizing hormone, prolactin, free testosterone dehydroepianosterone sulfate, 17α-hydroxy progesterone and fasting insulin in the study group. There were no differences in the levels of total testosterone, estradiol and cortisone levels between both groups. The levels of follicular stimulating hormone and sex hormone binding globulin were significantly lower in the study group. There were no differences in the blood sugar level, cholesterol, triglycerides and low- and high-density lipoproteins. The womens' ages, body mass index, blood pressure, uterine dimensions and endometrial thickness were similar in both groups. The size of both ovaries was significantly greater in the study group. There were more follicles in the ovaries of the study group. Conclusion: Hormonal profile of Saudi women with PCOS was similar with what is already published in the medical literature. But, despite the fact that Saudi women with and without PCOS are overweight, they do not suffer from raised blood pressure and metabolic syndrome; this may be due to the fact that women included in this study were relatively young and the sample size might be too small to draw effective conclusions.

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