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SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-86

Clinical efficacy of photobiomodulation on dental implant osseointegration: A systematic review


Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Sara Mahmoud Zayed
Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Champlion Street, Azarita, Alexandria
Egypt
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_410_19

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Background: Photobiomodulation (PBM) has been shown to have a positive effect on dental implant osseointegration and stability in in vitro and animal studies; however, its usefulness in dental implant clinical practice is yet unclear. Objective: The objective was to assess the clinical effectiveness of PBM on dental implants' osseointegration. Methods: Two reviewers independently conducted a comprehensive electronic search of articles published from inception up to January 10, 2020, in PubMed, Cochrane Library and Embase databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized clinical studies that compared the effect of PBM on dental implant stability with control groups were included. Animals and in vitro studies studies as well as studies with confounders such as application of orthodontic were excluded. Risk of bias (using Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for RCTs and Risk of Bias in Non-Randomized Studies of Interventions tool for nonrandomized studies) was assessed by both authors. Owing to substantial heterogeneity, only a narrative synthesis of the included studies is presented. Results: Seven relevant clinical studies were included, and they used a variety of PBM parameters and devices. The posterior region of the jaw was found to be more frequently evaluated. For assessing the effect of PBM on implant stability, five studies used resonance frequency analysis and two used periotest; three studies additionally used biomarkers for assessment. Four studies found that PBM has a potential positive effect on the outcome of dental implant stability, whereas three studies reported that PBM has no effect on implant stability. Conclusion: The findings of this systematic review suggest that postoperative application of PBM may potentially have some positive effect on dental implant's osseointegration and stability. However, additional studies are required with uniformity in methods to provide a more robust assessment of this effect.


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