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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 146-150

Crouzon syndrome in a ten-week-old infant: A case report


1 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Radio-Diagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
4 Department of Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sangeeta Gupta
Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar
India
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_38_19

PMID: 32587497

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Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. We report a rare case of Crouzon syndrome in a very young infant with distinct features of craniofacial malformations. A 10-week-old male child presented with features of craniofacial dysostosis with abnormal shape of the skull, proptosis, hypertelorism, curved nose and frontal bossing. Radiological findings revealed a predominant premature fusion of sagittal sutures. The infant had airway obstruction. Features of hydrocephalus, papilledema and optic atrophy were not evident. We chose to manage the symptoms and prevent complications, and the surgery was deferred for later, depending on the degree of malformation and psychological needs. Diagnosis of this rare condition at an early stage can help in preventing the development of complications. A careful follow-up and appropriate surgical intervention can improve the prognosis of this condition, which carries the risk of respiratory complications, poor vision and, in some cases, mental retardation as the age advances.


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