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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-73

A review of extraintestinal manifestations and complications of inflammatory bowel disease

Department of Gastroenterology, Valiant Clinic, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vito Annese
Department of Gastroenterology, Valiant Clinic, Dubai
United Arab Emirates
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_81_18

PMID: 31080385

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Extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) are common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), in both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Almost any organ system can be affected, including the musculoskeletal, dermatologic, renal, hepatopancreatobiliary, pulmonary and ocular systems. However, the musculoskeletal and dermatologic systems are the most commonly involved sites of manifestations. While some manifestations such as peripheral arthritis and erythema nodosum have an association with IBD activity, others such as axial arthropathy, pyoderma gangrenosum and primary sclerosing cholangitis have an independent disease course. This review provides a summary of the most common EIMs in IBD and their prevalence and management.

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