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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-67

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided vascular interventions: From diagnosis to treatment


1 Department of Gastroenterology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
2 Division of Gastroenterology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Correspondence Address:
Tyler M Berzin
Division of Gastroenterology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 110 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02215
USA
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DOI: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_131_17

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The development of endoscopic ultrasound was driven by the need to develop less invasive alternatives to surgical and radiologic interventions for a wide variety of gastrointestinal conditions. During the past decade, there has been a very rapid growth in the clinical role and capabilities of endoscopic ultrasound-guided therapeutic interventions. Endoscopic ultrasound offers both real-time imaging and access to structures within and adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract. The proximity of the gastrointestinal system to vascular structures throughout the abdomen and the mediastinum allows for endoscopic ultrasound-guided vascular access and therapy. The recent development of endoscopic ultrasound-guided vascular interventions has relied both on finding new applications for standard endoscopic accessories and on commandeering tools originally developed for use in interventional radiology. This article provides a review of the literature regarding the current state of endoscopic ultrasound for the management of variceal and nonvariceal bleeding, portal vein angiography and pressure measurements, intrahepatic portosystemic shunts, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for portal vein sampling, drug administration and embolization as well as endoscopic ultrasound-guided cardiac access and treatment.


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